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Referencing Hub

When completing an assignment you must always show the sources of your ideas.  This must be carried out in two ways.  Firstly, in the body of your writing every idea should have a short reference (citation – author, date, page) then at the end you will have a list of references entitled either ‘Reference List’ or ‘Bibliography’.  Some tutors will request both. This list should be in alphabetical order by author. If there is no named author e.g. Jane Smith, then the organisation becomes the author e.g. Marks and Spencer or the BBC.

The term ‘Reference List’ means that the list contains a full reference to every idea cited in the assignment.  ‘Bibliography’ is in the same format as the ‘Reference List’ except that it also contains sources not referred to in the assignment but from which you drew inspiration or which helped you to develop your understanding of the topic.  It also usually contains the references listed in the Reference List.  Your tutor should advise you as to whether both lists are needed or just a Reference List.  Always ask if you are unsure.

Please check your course handbook to ensure that you use the correct style of referencing for your course.

Below are the full and quick versions of the referencing guides that you may need:

NB: Sheffield Hallam use Huddersfield’s APA 6th. 

Barnsley College Quick Guide Derby APA citing and referencing Derby Harvard citing and referencing Derby Referencing Home Page Four Ws of Referencing
Huddersfield APA 6th Quick Guide 2019 Huddersfield APA 6th Full Guide 2019 Hull Harvard Quick Guide Hull Harvard Full Guide Introductory Phrases for references
Leeds Trinity Harvard Full Guide Leeds Trinity APA Full Guide 2015 Pearson courses Plagiarism Quick Guide Sheffield Hallam APA Quick Guide

Referencing Basics – The Four Ws

All references are comprised of four key components:

  1. Who? – Author (s), Editor, Website,
    Company, Government
  2. When? – date it was published
  3. What? – Title of book, article, webpage etc.
  4. Where? – Place of publication e.g. city/publisher, URL of webpage, journal title with volume details and page numbers

Tip: Always use the referencing guide specific to your course.

Presented below is ‘A basic guide to referencing’ Power Point video. You may need speakers or headphones.


Need more help? No problem –

  • Contact Study Skills for a one-to-one appointment — studyskills@barnsley.ac.uk
  • Or find us on MS Teams – Study Skills – access code: qxng210

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